Family Planning & its benefit to Society

Family planning in India is based on efforts largely sponsored by the Indian government. In the 1965-2009 period, contraceptive usage has more than tripled and the fertility rate has more than halved (from 5.7 in 1966 to 2.6 in 2009), but the national fertility rate is still high enough to cause long-term population growth. India adds up to 10 lakhs people to its population every 15 days.

Seven Indian states have dipped below the 2.1 replacement rate level and are no longer contributing to Indian population growth - Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Punjab and Sikkim. Four Indian states have fertility rates above 3.5 - Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland. Of these, Bihar has a fertility rate of 4.0, the highest of any Indian state. Proper Family Planning is very important for the benefit of the society and also for the development of the same.

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is the government unit responsible for formulating and executing family planning related government plans in India. An inverted Red Triangle is the symbol for family planning health and contraception services in India.

Date of Issue: 18 December 1999 by Indian Government

Occasion: Family Planning Association of India

Types of Birth Control

Continuous abstinence

Natural family planning/rhythm method

Barrier methods

*Contraceptive sponge

*Diaphragm, cervical cap, and cervical shield

*Female condom

*Male condom

Hormonal methods

*Oral contraceptives - combined pill ("The Pill")

*Oral contraceptives - progestin-only pill ("Mini-pill")

*The patch


*Vaginal ring

Implantable devices

*Implantable rods

*Implantable devices

Permanent birth control methods

*Sterilization implant

*Intrauterine devices

Emergency contraception